Special cables are special wires and cables used in special environments or special purposes. Through special material selection and structural design, they have some special properties, such as low temperature resistance, radiation resistance, climate resistance, mineral oil resistance, solvent resistance, corrosive gas resistance, corona resistance, flame retardant, etc. It is different from ordinary cables and can be used in special occasions, including ship cables, industrial equipment cables, nuclear power cables, submarine cables, rail transit cables, oil platform cables and new energy cables.
With the progress of science and technology, the transformation and upgrading of traditional industries, the vigorous development of strategic emerging industries and high-end manufacturing industry, China's economy and society has further developed in the direction of green environmental protection, low-carbon energy conservation, informatization and intelligence, industrial equipment manufacturing, national smart grid construction, modern urban construction, large-scale transformation of urban and rural power grids The construction of new energy power stations and other fields have put forward higher requirements for the application of wires and cables, which provides a new historical opportunity for the development of special cables.
The export market continued to grow and the international competitiveness of products continued to increase
On the one hand, with the continuous growth of the global market, especially the rapid growth of the demand of developing countries, domestic leading enterprises in the industry gradually began to develop foreign markets; On the other hand, China's wire and cable enterprises have continuously improved their production technology and product quality in the process of competition with international leading enterprises. The competitiveness of the wire and cable products provided in the international market has been continuously enhanced, which has promoted the steady expansion of the export scale of China's wire and cable industry. From 2009 to 2019, the export delivery value of wire and cable industry increased from USD 9.262 billion to USD 20.481 billion, with an average annual compound growth rate of 8.26%.
Enterprises will focus on independent R & D and independent innovation ability
Special cable application scenarios have higher requirements for cables. Compared with ordinary cables, special cables have the characteristics of high technical content, strict application conditions and high added value, and have more superior specific properties, such as green environmental protection, flame retardant and fire resistance, high temperature resistance, low temperature resistance, acid and alkali resistance, corrosion resistance and radiation resistance. Therefore, higher requirements are put forward for the independent R & D ability of enterprises. In the future, China's special cable enterprises will increase investment in scientific research, form systematic accumulation, transform the wire and cable industry with high and new technology and information technology, pay attention to the research and development of high-tech products supporting national key projects, and pay attention to the upgrading and structural adjustment of a large number and a wide range of general products.
Development trend of special cable industry
1. The number of enterprises is large and the industrial concentration is low
There are many wire and cable enterprises in China, and the industry concentration is low. Data show that the market share of China's top ten wire and cable enterprises is about 10%, far lower than that of developed countries and regions such as Europe and the United States. According to the data of the National Bureau of statistics, by the end of 2019, the number of Enterprises above Designated Size in China's wire and cable industry was 3952, and the overall scale of enterprises was still low.
2. Industry enterprises are distributed in three echelons
The competitive enterprises in China's wire and cable industry show the characteristics of three echelon distribution. The first echelon is mainly well-known multinational companies such as Prysmian, Nexans and Sumitomo, as well as joint ventures and wholly-owned enterprises in China. It has advanced production technology and equipment and strong R & D and innovation ability, occupying the domestic high-end wire and cable market. The second echelon is mainly Baosheng Group, Shangshang cable, hancable Co., Ltd., Hangzhou Power Co., Ltd., Honglin power and other leading enterprises with large scale and high popularity in China. They occupy an important position in the domestic market by virtue of their advantages in scale, quality, R & D and brand. In addition, a large number of domestic small and medium-sized enterprises belong to the third echelon, with relatively small scale, insufficient independent R & D and innovation ability, weak overall competitiveness, and mostly price competition.
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Special cable is a special wire and cable used in special environment or special purpose. It has some special properties through special material selection and structural design.